Everything To Know About Fall Foliage

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Everything To Know About Fall Foliage

Trees are some of the biggest mysteries to the average person. One of the most defining moments of changing seasons from Summer to Fall is leaf color change in New England. Why does New England get to experience foliage, and how do these leaves end up changing from green to many different other colors each year? Why do some trees not change colors?

How Does The Color Change Happen?

During the spring and summer months, chlorophyll hides any other pigment that is on the leaves. So, the colors are there but are covered by the green. When fall comes around, trees will break down the green pigment, as well as the nutrients. The nutrients are stored back into the trunk of the tree for when spring comes around again. After these nutrients leave the leaves, their fall colors will show! Some leaves end up turning completely brown, which means all of the nutrients are gone.

Hardwood Trees

Hardwood trees are the ones famous for their color-changing leaves. These trees are primarily found in New England and the Midwest. Many scientists believe that the colors the leaves take serve as a “sunscreen” to the tree, filtering out light. Although situated outdoors, trees can only take so much sun without any consequences. Like humans, leaves can be sunburnt and become damaged. 

Rain Affects Leaf Color

The amount of rain that falls during the year will determine how well leaf colors appear to change during autumn. When it’s a warm and wet fall, there will be a lower intensity of lead colors. A harsh frost will kill the leaves and turn them brown, causing them to fall off the trees early. The best leaf colors appear when it’s a warm and wet spring or when the summer isn’t too dry.

Why Do Leaves Fall Off Their Trees?

The roots, branches, and trunks of trees can withhold the freezing fall and winter weather but leaves as lucky. As the sun sets early and rises later, the veins that hold the leaves to the branches begin to close, and the separation layer forms at the base of the stem. This causes the leaf to fall. 

Why Don’t Evergreen Trees Change Colors?

Evergreen trees are forever-green, meaning they don’t change during the fall. Evergreen trees have needles that are coated in wax, and the fluids inside don’t allow them to freeze. These trees can go years without having fallen needles and leaves, and when that happens, they grow new ones.

Contact Us

At Dudley Tree, we are the tree experts! Contact us for any fall tree removal services in Massachusetts and New Hampshire. Give us a call or fill out our contact form for more information.

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tree roots

How to Handle Exposed Tree Roots

Tree root systems are very vast and complex to look at. They are windy and provide so much strength to the tree. Since most tree roots are under the ground, the typical homeowner won’t be looking into their yard to see any roots. Sometimes, a few tree roots can grow to be seen above the ground. What might it mean when exposed tree roots begin to happen? How can you work with them to keep your tree strong and your yard safe? 

What causes exposed tree roots?

Even though it might seem like your tree’s roots are growing in an upward direction, the root system of a tree grows outwards and downwards from its base. Noticing any roots above ground can happen when there is erosion of the soil. The ground may be exposed to heavy rain and lack of sun, which causes erosion. This will expose the roots and potential cause them some hard while they are above ground for some time. 

What To Do with Any Exposed Tree Roots

A tree’s roots can quickly be damaged by people, lawn mowers, and other tools in your yard. Damaged roots can’t efficiently do their job of getting water and nutrients for the tree, and this can negatively influence your tree’s the health and well-being of your tree. If you notice a tree with exposed tree roots in your yard, you are able to do some things to limit any harm and protect your trees:

  • You don’t want people walking all over the roots, so avoid spending time in areas of your lawn with the roots. 
  • Place mulch over the roots for added protection from the elements and animals.
  • Try to use organic elements as your choice of mulch over the roots.
  • You should spread mulch over the whole area in case of soil erosion to protect exposure to other roots.
  • Avoid mowing your lawn too close to the exposed roots. You don’t want to accidentally damage them with the mower blade.
  • If you want another option to mulching around the exposed roots, spread new soil and add some plants.

Contact a Tree Professional

If you are ever curious about the well-being of your tree, contact Dudley Tree! Our team of tree professionals have years of experience in the tree industry. Contact us for more information about our services. Whether you need tree removal, tree trimming, pruning, or stump grinding, we can take care of it. Give us a call or fill out our contact form to get in touch!


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